The term “news” refers to information about recent occurrences in the world. This can be conveyed in a variety of ways, including via word of mouth, printing, postal systems, broadcasting, electronic communication, or the testimony of witnesses and observers to occurrences. To distinguish it from other forms of media, news is frequently referred to as “hard news.”

War, government, politics, education, health, the environment, the economy, business, and entertainment are all common subjects for news reporting, as are sporting events and other out-of-the-ordinary happenings. For as long as anybody can remember, the government’s announcements on royal ceremonies and laws, taxes, public health, and criminals have been labelled “news.” The distribution of news has been accelerated and impacted by technological and societal advances, typically led by government communication and espionage networks. The newspaper is largely responsible for the modern kind of reporting on the news that we are familiar with.